Subscribe to Drugs.com newsletters for the latest medication news, new drug approvals, alerts and updates. The Creeks used the Black Birch to … Wintergreen is a perennial evergreen shrub that is native to eastern North America, and usually is found in woodland and exposed mountainous areas. ← Natural and Cultural History of the Black Birch, Natural and Cultural History of the Black Birch. The twigs are also used for brooms and thatchings. Anti-inflammatory Action. The Black Birch tree's parts are used for a variety of products. Most studies on the health benefits of cherries involve tart cherries, such as Montmorency cherries, which—like black cherries—also contain anthocyanins. The twigs are also used for brooms and thatchings. The tree is also used to create a wine colored dye. At one point, the black birch was the only source of oil of wintergreen, an essential oil known for its antibacterial, antifungal, antiviral, insecticidal, and antioxidant properties. We comply with the HONcode standard for trustworthy health information -. Paper birch, black birch, silver birch -- all of the slender, mysterious members of the Betula family hold a place in the poetic imagination, yet all share uses in the practical world as well. The Black Birch tree's parts are used for a variety of products. The species’ “wintergreen” aroma is methyl salicylate which is closely related to aspirin and has medicinal applications. Interestingly, the wood was used to make pianos, when they were a necessary feature of every respectable home's parlor. Avoid use in patients with known allergy to any parts of wintergreen oil and in patients with known allergy to pain relievers like aspirin, or with GI problems. The wood is most often used for lumber, veneer, furniture, cabinets, wooden work, boxes, handles, and paper pulp. The wintergreen oil (methyl salicylate) is distilled from the wood of the black birch. Wintergreen berries have been used to make pies. Birches, black birch among them, had several medicinal uses for native Americans. In fact, it has been used to treat everything from cancers to warts. Generally recognized as safe (GRAS) when used as food. American Indians reportedly used wintergreen for treating back pain, rheumatism, fever, headaches, and sore throats. The Cherokee chewed the Black Birch leaves to treat diarrhea, the Delaware used the bark to create an elixir to purge the body, and the Iroquois used it to treat sore muscles. Habitat: Moist, cool, ravines and forests with well drained, deep, and rich soil. Infestations of gypsy moths, wooly hemlock adelgid, and dogwood anthracose in the Northeastern US in the 1980s killed many trees and their place was taken by black birch. The leaves, bark, and buds of the tree are used to make medicine. Throughout history, people have used parts of the Black Birch medicinally in a variety of ways. Western medicine has also found uses for wintergreen oil. Steam processing of the warmed, water-treated leaves produces wintergreen oil. Wintergreen may cause allergic reactions. This material is provided for educational purposes only and is not intended for medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. The plant and its oil have been used in traditional medicine as a pain releiver, for indigesion, and to protect the skin and reduce bleeding from minor cuts. The tea has been used to relieve cold symptoms and muscle aches. The branches of a young Black Birch tree (Lewis-Slammon, 2014). Occasionally they can also be found in rocky or shallow soils. Select one or more newsletters to continue. Even small doses of oral wintergreen oil may cause toxicity. Throughout history, people have used parts of the Black Birch medicinally in a variety of ways. The inner bark of the black birch tree contains methyl salicylate. Wintergreen is also known as teaberry, checkerberry, gaultheria oil, boxberry, deerberry, mountain tea, and Canada tea. Topical administration may cause redness and irritation; second- and third-degree burns have been reported rarely with some formulations. Drugs.com provides accurate and independent information on more than 24,000 prescription drugs, over-the-counter medicines and natural products. The Cherokee chewed the Black Birch leaves to treat diarrhea, the Delaware used the bark to create an elixir to purge the body, and the Iroquois used it to treat sore muscles. It is from this connection that the alternative name Mahogany Birch was created. Interestingly, the wood was used to make pianos, when they were a necessary feature of every respectable home's parlor. Due to these qualities, the wood has been used in the past as a mahogany substitute. This Omeka collection is hosted by The Center for Teaching and Learning at the University of Vermont. One of the oddest products that comes from Black Birch trees are the “noodles”. Western medicine has also found uses for wintergreen oil. ---Medicinal Action and Uses---Various parts of the tree have been applied to medicinal uses. The liquor is used … It is used with sweet birch oil or a chemical compound (typically no more than 0.04%) for flavoring foods and candy. Dosing recommendations for oral or topical administration of wintergreen oil are not available. The birch cambium is cut into strips and boiled to create these edible Birch Noodles. ... (Cherry Birch, Black Birch, Sweet Birch, Mahogany Birch, or Mountain Mahogany) is an American variety, with richlymarked wood suitable for the use of cabinet and pianoforte makers. For centuries, virtually every part of the birch tree has yielded a myriad of medicinal, cosmetic, gourmet or practical use. In addition to being used as a flavoring, wintergreen and its oil have been used on the skin in preparations for the treatment of muscular and rheumatic pain. Black birch seeds at a prolific rate and quickly colonize disturbed areas. This was the original source for oil of wintergreen. American Indians reportedly used wintergreen for treating back pain One of the oddest products that comes from Black Birch trees are the “noodles”. Three different groups used boiled teas of various birch species for stomach aches and cramps: the Western Eskimo used Betula nana, the Chippewa used river birch, B. nigra, while the Ojibwa used white birch… Avoid use in children. Uses. The tree is also used to create a wine colored dye. Parts Used: When taken internally, highly concentrated wintergreen oil, as with other volatile oils, may induce vomiting and cause severe, often fatal, poisonings. Monitor for increased blood-thinning in patients using warfarin. (The wood of Birches catches fire even if wet.) It played a … The wood is most often used for lumber, veneer, furniture, cabinets, wooden work, boxes, handles, and paper pulp.