Of course, its closest relative is the brown sicklebill (Epimachus meyeri). Unlike most mostly frugivorous cousins, it tends to feed on both items at an equal proportion. It is adorned with dark, horn-like forecrown feathers, an erectile fan-like bronze neck plumes and elongated purple-tipped flank plumes. She is an olive-light brown above with more of an orange-brown crown. The Black Sicklebill is the largest-plumbed member of its family; including the tail, the males average 100 cm in length and the females about 48 cm. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2017: e.T22706151A118228172. The "long-tailed" sicklebills are actually not closely related to the "short-tailed" birds of the same genus, Drepanornis|; they in fact belong to a clade that includes the Paradigalla and Astrapia. In the wild, the bird has hybridised with the Arfak astrapia to create offspring that were once considered two distinct species, the Elliot's sicklebill ("Epimachus ellioti") and the Astrapian sicklebill ("Astrapimachus astrapioides"). The true unusual call is found in the brown sicklebill (see that species). The female is around 21 inches (55 cm) in length. The female tend to all parental duties; she builds the nest, cares for the eggs and chicks. Listen to call here. The tail is a dull olive. The female, however, is generically unimpressive. These bird-of-paradise have long, down curved bills and very long tails. The black sicklebill has three subspecies: With a population estimated around 2,000-10,000 individual birds, the habitat Due to ongoing habitat loss, small population size, and hunting in some areas for food and its tail feathers, the black sicklebill is declining in a relatively relevant portion of it distribution. The Black sicklebill has been classified as Promerops fastuosus, and was first thought to be a species of sugarbird (from the family Promeropidae) upon discovery; of course this was proved false and it now sits in the family Paradiseidae. Its specific name, fastosus, means "proud". 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After his intro, he rises upward and perpendicular to the ground and repeatedly rubs the rachides of his flight feathers together to make woodpecker-like beating sounds, all while slowly orbiting around the female's inquisitive face. The rest of the head, including the neck, is jet black. Epimachus, its generic name, means "equipped for battle", referring to this genus' machine gun-sounding calls. The black-billed sicklebill is medium-sized, about 35 cm long, brown. Long-tailed Sicklebills have very un-birdly calls. The male of this species produces a powerful, far-carrying, bubbling "kwit-it kwit-it", a characteristic sound in its range. Both species are generally viewed by most mainstream ornithologists as hybrids, but a minority of ornithologists believe ellioti may be a valid species. These large feathers are almost entirely black, but an outstanding feature is that each feather is intricately tipped iridescent blue-greenish. https://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2017-3.RLTS.T22706151A118228172.en, Rothschild's lobe-billed bird-of-paradise, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Black_sicklebill&oldid=979510351, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Frith, C. & Frith, D. (2019). The greatly exaggerated tail is jet black with a more visible blue iridescence, more notable at the center. As being the second longest bird of paradise species (behind the Ribbon-tailed astrapia), the black sicklebill measures about 110 cm (around 43 inches) in length if the tail is included, and around 24 inches (63 cm) without the tail. Black Sicklebill (, This page was last edited on 21 September 2020, at 05:28. It is classified as Least Concern on the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species, and is listed on Appendix II of CITES. When a female lands on his pole, he fluffs up his pectoral fans to make a comet shape, leaning and bending horizontally. The black sicklebill (Epimachus fastosus) is a large member of the birds of paradise family, Paradisaeidae. However, as custom with the family, very little is known about the actual breeding process of this species. On its underside, he has very soft, almost silky brownish-black plumage that ends in relatively elongated flank plumes that extend slightly past the tail, but these plumes are more pronounced in the Brown sicklebill. For its subspecies, atratus means "black", ultimus means "final" (probably referring to this subspecies as the last one discovered for this species), and stresemanni honors the German naturalist, Erwin Stresemann. It typically feeds solitarily, but mixed foraging flocks aren't abnormal. Male black sicklebills display anywhere from September to October and February to April. Both sexes have grey-blackish legs and feet. Epimachus fastosus. The male has a black head with a long, silver, slightly downcurved bill (not as downcurved as Drepanornis sicklebills), a bright yellow mouth, scarlet-red eyes which are surrou… Black Sicklebill (Epimachus fastosus) bird sounds on dibird.com. The male has a mostly black plumage with glossy green, blue and purple scale-like feathers. The female is around 21 inches (55 cm) in length. His wings are black with a less conspicuous bluish iridescence. The male has a bare maroon-grey skin around its eye, buff-colored tail, dark-brown iris, yellow mouth and black sickle-like bill. She still has a long tail, but not nearly as long as her male counterpart. BirdLife International. There have also been records of hybrids with the Long-tailed paradigalla (Paradigalla carunculata), Superb Bird-of-paradise (Lophorina superba) and perhaps the Vogelkop Superb Bird-of-paradise (Lophorina niedda). These fans are used in their courtship displays when they bring them up over their head to form an overall comet shape edged with a stroking narrow, blue line. Black sicklebills, like many of their relatives, are primarily omnivorous, feeding on fruits, insects and other animal prey. The male has a black head with a long, silver, slightly downcurved bill (not as downcurved as Drepanornis sicklebills), a bright yellow mouth, scarlet-red eyes which are surrounded by iridescent scaly feathers of typically blue-greenish color that cover most of the front of the face. As being the second longest bird of paradise species (behind the Ribbon-tailed astrapia), the black sicklebill measures about 110 cm (around 43 inches) in length if the tail is included, and around 24 inches (63 cm) without the tail. The male chooses a pole-like, upstanding branch for his display. He may practice for days on end; once he's ready to display, he advertises with his loud call to attract a female. The back is jet black, but is mostly covered with iridescent scale-like feathers with metallic blue color, but can be concluded as greenish-blue in some lights. This species is found throughout most of central New Guinea and the Vogelkop region to the northwest in montane forests at altitudes from 1800 to 2150 m. The species' scientific name is Epimachus fastosus. The black sicklebill is a very bizarre species of bird of paradise. Typically hidden when perched, the males' most splendid ornaments are two glorious pectoral fans on each side of the breast. Breeding in Australasia: wc to se New Guinea; can be seen in 2 countries. Sign up for our mailing list to get latest updates and offers. 2017. Learn about Black Sicklebill: explore photos, sounds, and observations collected by birders around the world. Black Sicklebill bird photo call and song/ Epimachus fastosus (Promerops fastuosus) She differs from the female brown sicklebill by her brown eyes vs. the white eyes of the latter species. Photos: BioDivLibrary, myrontay, Terathopius Flickr.com. The black sicklebill is a breath-taking creature. Black-billed Sicklebill (Drepanornis albertisi) bird call sounds on dibird.com. Like nearly all members in Paradisaeidae, they are polygnous, mating with several females in a single season. Breeding in … It's a bird of paradise, and the male sicklebill's black feathers gleam with metallic blue, green and purple highlights. She is creamy on the belly, which is covered with black barring. Once she's been impressed, the two birds copulate. The black sicklebill is a very bizarre species of bird of paradise.