This list covers both domestic and exotic. The appearance of wood is determined by its shade, shine, grain, lustre and structure. Workability: Pieces with interlocked grain can be difficult to work, frequently resulting in tearout during machining operations. Each wood has its own type o Because of its similar properties to more traditional tone woods like mahogany, many guitar manufacturers use nato in their construction. Rot Resistance: Mora is rated as durable to very durable, and also has good resistance to insect attacks. The heartwood is light to medium reddish brown. common name should be added these following names: Eastern mahogany, Nato. These trees have cones and uncovered seeds which fall on the ground. Nato wood is a collective name for wood from Mora trees (the best-known species are Mora excelsa (Mora) and Mora gonggrijpii (Morabukea). Comments: Not to be confused with a striped Guatemalan wood that is also sometimes marketed as “Mora,” which is almost universally mislabeled as Maclura tinctoria. Good natural luster. The Janka test measures the amount of force required to embed a 0.444" steel ball into the wood to half of its diameter. However, there are plenty exceptions to that. Scientific Name: Mora excelsa, M. gonggrijpii, Distribution: Northeastern South America (primarily Guyana and Suriname), Tree Size: 100-130 ft (30-40 m) tall, 2-3 ft (.6-1.0 m) trunk diameter, Average Dried Weight: 63 lbs/ft3 (1,015 kg/m3), Specific Gravity (Basic, 12% MC): .80, 1.01, Modulus of Rupture: 22,550 lbf/in2 (155.5 MPa), Elastic Modulus: 2,790,000 lbf/in2 (19.24 GPa), Crushing Strength: 11,950 lbf/in2 (82.4 MPa), Shrinkage: Radial: 6.7%, Tangential: 9.9%, Volumetric: 17.7%, T/R Ratio: 1.5. This should not be confused with Nyatoh (an Asian hardwood from the family Sapotaceae with a very similar look and characteristic to Honduras Mahogany, though totally unrelated). FYI: I receive a commission on sales generated through links to Amazon, eBay, etc. Type of wood: Hard kg/m3 g/cm3 lb/ft 3 Notes; … Despite this, the two are unrelated. Its a good, less expensive alternatives to Rosewood. This force is recorded in both pounds-force (lbf) and kilo-Newtons (kN). Mora also has a pronounced blunting effect on cutting edges. It has a similar appearance to mahogany, and as such it is often referred to as "eastern mahogany". (This is a monthly update, and your email will be kept private.). Generally speaking, softwoods tend to be softer than their hardwood counterparts. Nato is one of the softer hardwoods like Mahogany, Walnut, Koa and Maple. This does not imply softness or hardness of wood. Wide pale yellow-brown sapwood is clearly demarcated from heartwood. This should not be confused with Nyatoh (an Asian hardwood from the family Sapotaceae with a very similar look and characteristic to Honduras Mahogany, though totally unrelated). This more porous, open wood doesn’t quite have maple’s hardness, strength, or stability, however, and it isn’t suitable as a fretboard material. The wood is available in large solid cuts and is well above average in properties such as resistance to wear, strength, and durability, making it an excellent candidate for heavy construction, industrial flooring, railroad ties, and boatbuilding. Physical properties comprise of the density of wood, the texture, moisture content, shrinkage effect, deformation, splitting, strength, hardness, stiffness and thermal transferability. Deciduous trees produce hardwood. Squier, Epiphone, BC Rich, Eastwood, and Japan-based manufacturers Yamaha, Hondo (guitar company) and Takamine are amongst them. These trees have covered seeds and shed leaves annually. Wood Hardness Chart – Bigger, Better, More Woods July 3, 2015 June 30, 2015 by Best Bass Gear With our last wood hardness chart, several noted that there were certain woods missing that should be in the list, so we’ve expanded the list to 224 different species. Common Uses: Flooring, boatbuilding, heavy (exterior) construction, and turned objects. It has a straight to interlocked grain, with a medium to coarse texture and good natural luster. Its also known as Eastern Mahogany. Sustainability: This wood species is not listed in the CITES Appendices or on the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Most trees never reach sufficient size to be used for bodies of guitars. The mahogany/rosewood pairing contributes to complex highs, thick and creamy lows, and an appealing midrange that isn’t honky or excessively punchy. Allergies/Toxicity: Mora has been reported to cause respiratory irritation. Woods with a higher rating are harder than woods with a lower rating. Mora may vary in appearance, with reddish brown being the dominant color, but with varying shades and often with darker or lighter streaks. When available, prices should be moderate for an imported hardwood. It is a reliable, strong wood. As you would expect, wood has both physical and chemical properties. It measures the force required to embed an 11.28 millimetres (0.444 in) diameter steel ball halfway into a sample of wood. This more porous, open wood doesn’t quite have maple’s hardness, strength, or stability, however, and it isn’t suitable as a fretboard material. Our chart is based on the Janka Hardness Scale which is the industry standard for gauging the ability of various wood species to resist denting and tolerate normal wear. One thing to consider when buying a bass guitar is the hardness or softness of the woods used.