The Secretary and Principal are coming.❌ Q. Many a men have come to the party. do not take any Subject of Reference. The same is true for either/or and neither/nor. The number of tourists have gradually fallen off. see Punctuation, 2. This reference can be used for term papers, grammar class reviews, or simply for anyone confused or curious about the basics of English grammar . ❌, I pride myself on being able to work smoothly under pressure too. 11. ❌, Neither Salman nor his friends are going to the party. Plural Subject must be placed next to the Verb. (Negative and question sentences may have a different order.). ✔️ Many an accidents have recently taken place .❌ ✔️ 1. ❌ ✔️ ❌, We adapt ourselves to the environment. ❌ An object is optional. ⚫ RULE 14- When a Pronoun is used as the object of a Verb or of a Preposition, it should be in the objective case. Solution : Error is in (b) Relative pronoun ‘ whom’ is used to replace a human object of the sentence, while ‘who’ is used to replace subject of the sentence. A large number of students was absent. For Example ⚫ RULE 22- If two Singular Nouns refer to the same person or thing, the Verb must be Singular. Being a rainy day, I could not attend the class. Those who love grammar usually appreciate the logic of its rules; those who hate it often get frustrated by the constant exceptions to the rules. ✔️ (Having + v3) is used when it qualifies doer of the sentence while (Having been + v3) is used when it qualifies non-doer of the sentence. The committee have not decided on the matter yet. The number of tourists has gradually fallen off. ❌ 12. ✔️, ⚫Note – when a collective noun like committee, jury etc is not unanimous, it takes plural verb as in this case it’s not considered as a single unit. ❌ ✔️ The words its and it's are two different words with different meanings. ⚫ RULE 17- ‘Each other’ is used in speaking of two persons or things; ‘one another’ is used in speaking of more than two. For example, We adapt ourselves to the environment. Sohan did nothing but wonder.✔️ ❌ ⚫RULE 30 – Generally, ‘A large number of’ is followed by a singular verb while ‘The large number of is followed by a plural verb. use an apostrophe + s for singular owners, and s + apostrophe for plural owners. ✔️, The number of tourists have gradually fallen off. For example, Basic English grammar rules can be tricky. For example ✔️ ❌, Two lakhs people attended the ceremony. ✔️. ❌ The committee has not decided on the matter yet. The audience have taken their seats.✔️, ⚫ RULE 34- When the Subject of the Verb is a Relative Pronoun care should be taken to see that the Verb agrees in Number and Person with the Antecedent of the relative. ⚫ RULE 43- Conjunction than is also followed by Bare Infinitive. 6. Use the indefinite article a with words beginning with a consonant sound. ❌ The words your and you're are two different words with different meanings. If you ask your friend to look after your dog, but you actually have seven dogs, your friend is in for a massive canine surprise. ❌, Two lakh people attended the ceremony. Grammar Rules Review This is a quick, basic grammar review for nouns, verbs, and the sometimes confusing usage of lay versus lie, and rise versus raise. ✔️ Sheetal has(a) / no achievement (b) to boast(c) /No error A sentence starts with a capital letter and ends with a period/full stop, a question mark or an exclamation mark. Please excuse me being late.❌ A large number of students were absent. The collective nouns like committee, jury, house, ministry, police, mob, audience, team, board are used with singular verbs when they are used as a body or a group and not as members.When they are used as members then they take plural verb. Three were killed and one was injured in the mob violence. Having typed the letter, it was posted. Neither Salman nor his friends are going to the party. 16. ✔️, ⚫RULE 32 -when a subject becomes receiver of an action, following verbs take reflexive pronoun : Acquit, Absent, Avail, Reconcile, Amuse, Resign, Adapt, Adjust, Pride etc, I pride on being able to work smoothly under pressure too. She had better read than write.✔️ The two brothers loved each other.✔️ Each boy and each teacher is required to bring their luggage. ⚫RULE 31- If ‘it’s high time / it’s about time / it’s time is used in a sentence, v2 comes in the sentence. Having typed the letter, I posted it. 15. As a beginner, you must know basic English grammar rules, as they show you how to arrange vocabulary and make meaningful expressions. A sentence starts with a capital letter and ends with a period/full stop, a question mark or an exclamation mark. ⚫ RULE 42- Had better, had rather,had as soon … as … , had sooner etc. In BrE a collective noun is usually treated as plural, needing a plural verb and pronoun. when a group is considered as a single unit, it takes a singular verb and singular pronoun and when it’s considered plural, it takes a plural verb. They may refer to two or more than two objects or person. Now that you know how to focus on your own most important English grammar, there are also a few rules that everybody needs to know. ⚫ RULE 45- Every Participle must have a suitable Subject of Reference. Meera is the smartest girl that I have ever met. Being a rainy day Vijay decided to stay at home.❌ Irregular Plurals. ✔️, ⚫RULE 7 – Both should be followed by ‘and’, not by as well as When two singular subjects are connected by or, use a singular verb. ⚫ RULE 19- A Pronoun must agree with its antecedent in person, number and gender. Every sentence must have a subject and a verb. Note – Link to download the pdf is at the bottom of the page. ✔️, I am fifteen years old and my sister fourteen.❌, I am fifteen years old and my sister is fourteen.✔️, She never has, and never will take such strong measures.❌, She never has taken, and never will take such strong measures.✔️, For the Complete 100 Golden Grammar Rules of English, Download the pdf. Grammar is a topic people either love or hate. Meera is the smartest girl whom I have ever met. When using two or more adjectives together, the usual order is opinion-adjective + fact-adjective + noun. ⚫RULE 40 -Dangling Participle. ❌, Other examples ❌ It’s high time you started working hard. It is the apple that are full of antioxidants. Both you as well as (a) /my brother are going to(b) / attend the party tomorrow(c) /No error ), Three- killed and one were injured in the mob violence. Considering the case, I took the decision.✔️ Proper adjectives are made from proper nouns, for example Germany → German, Orwell → Orwellian, Machiavelli → Machiavellian. ❌, Example – sheetal gave me five dozens pens. It is I who am to attend the party.✔️ Sohan did nothing but to wonder.❌ ✔️ The police were posted all over the route. ❌ (c) /No error. ❌, Three were killed and one was injured in the mob violence. Neither the Assistant Masters nor the Headmaster was present.❌ (Here I is not a Subject of Reference of considering. She had better to go now.❌ This pdf containing “100 golden rules of English Grammar “, covers all the important grammar rules of English.This compilation has been prepared by the experts of EK keeping in mind the pattern and demand of the exams. Grammar Rules based on SUBJECT – VERB Agreement The collector and District Magistrate is not negligent in his duty.✔️, 3) Neither Salman nor his friends is going to the party. It is the apple that is full of antioxidants.✔️. (Having + v3) Vs (Having been +v3) More than one girl were present. In this article, we'll get you started with the basics of sentence structure, punctuation, parts of speech, and more.