Clinical Overview Use. Ginger has a very long history of use in various forms of traditional and alternative medicine. Dictionaries have defined the word as “wild foalsfoot” or “wild spikenard”, which may refer to the shape of the plant or its foliage. There are many traditional uses for ginger, but recent interest centers on the prevention and management of nausea. Lesser amounts of other sesquiterpenoids (β-sesquiphellandrene, bisabolene and farnesene) and a small monoterpenoid fraction (β-phelladrene, cineol, and citral) have also been identified. Name. Scientific Name(s): Zingiber capitatum Smith., Zingiber officinale Roscoe. Asarum is a Latin word whose original meaning is unknown. Ginger contains up to 3% of an essential oil that causes the fragrance of the spice. The scientific name of ginger is Zingiber officinale. It is a herbaceous perennial which grows annual pseudostems (false stems made of the rolled bases of leaves) about one meter tall bearing narrow leaf blades. The scientific name of the species is Zingiber spectabile. The main constituents are sesquiterpenoids with (-)-zingiberene as the main component. This plant belongs to the family Zingiberaceae which also includes turmeric (Curcuma longa), cardamom (Elettaria cardamomum), and galangal (Boesenbergia rotunda), also called Chinese ginger. Canadense means “of Canada”, which has led to another common name for the plant: Canada Ginger. In some people, ginger can have mild side effects such as abdominal discomfort, heartburn, diarrhea, and gas. Common Name(s): Black ginger, Ginger, Ginger root, Zingiberis rhizoma. • Ginger Benefits in Acute Chemotherapy-Induced Nausea: In a double-blind, multicenter trial using placebo and various doses of ginger, results showed all doses of ginger significantly reduced acute nausea compared to placebo. "Zingiber" is originally from a Sanskrit word that means "shaped like a horn" and refers to the horn-shaped leaves of most species of ginger. Ginger (Zingiber officinale) is a flowering plant whose rhizome, ginger root or ginger, is widely used as a spice and a folk medicine. Ginger, when used as a spice, is believed to be generally safe. Scientific name Asarum canadense is more unclear. "Spectabile" is derived from the Latin spectabilis, meaning 'visible' or 'spectacular'.. Some experts recommend that people with gallstone disease use caution with ginger because it may increase the flow of bile. Results suggest ginger supplementation at a daily dose of 0.5 g to 1.0 g significantly helps in reducing the severity of acute chemotherapy-induced nausea.